Recipe Homemade Bottarga di Tonno (Salted Cured Tuna Fish Roe)

homemade bottarga di tonno botargo tuna roe salt cured fish egg recipe

Bottarga di Tonno (Salted Cured Tuna Fish Roe)

Homemade Botargo di Tonno. Botargo is a air-dried salt-cured fish egg or roe which considered as  delicacy in Mediterranean cuisine. Botarga di Tonno is botarga made of tuna roe, while bottarga is refers product made of grey mullet fish or called bottarga di muggine which is the most pricey and expensive. This is one of the seafood charcutteries featured in my blog, you can served this bottarga with my Homemade Hot Smoked Salmon and Homemade Gravlax (Dill and Honey Cured Salmon Fillet).

tuna botargo bottarga di tonno butàriga tuna fish roe salt cure

botargo boutargue karasumi bottarga di tonno batarekh butarkhah avgotaraho tuna botarga salted fish roe egg cured Bottarga (Salted Cured Fish Roe)

Bottarga is popular name in English and Italian, while it’s popular with other names around the world; karasumi (Japan) butàriga (Sardinian), botarga (Occitan, Spanish, and Catalan), poutargue or boutargue (French), butarga (Portuguese), batarekh or butarkhah (Arabic), tarama or haviar (Turkey) and avgotaraho (Greek). Here in Indonesia bottarga possibly translated as telur ikan tuna asin, while in Malaysia there also salted and cured fish roe called telur terubuk masin made of the roe of  freshwater fish Toli Shad.

how to make bottarga salted tuna roe cured fish egg botargo di tonno recipe

Tuna Roe Bottarga

Botargo di Tonno is made from the roe sac of tuna, beside tuna or mullet roe, bottarga can also made of swordfish, halibut, herring, flounder, white seabass, weakfish or mackerel or other small size fish egg with sac, so never made it with salmon roe. My fellow blogger friend Merryn of Merry’sMenu even Making Bottarga from Flathead Fish Roe. I’m making mine from tuna, the fishmonger told me that it’s dogtooth tuna fish roe. I actually specially ask my fishmonger to save the tuna’s roe for this fish egg seafoood charcuterie project. The Minangkabau descent fishmonger guy actually used to save the roe and bring it to feed his family and never even though to sell it because it’s considered as delicacy, his wife used to make Gulai telur Ikan (Fish Roe Curry) or Pindang Telur Ikan (Spicy sour Fish Roe Soup) with it.

making bottarga tuna botarga botarga sal cured tune fish roe soaked olive oil

Fresh Tuna Roe with Whole Attached Sac Membrane

How too choose the egg roe for making homemade bottarga ? first step is make sure you choose the very fresh egg roe with complete and unbroken sac attached and covering the roe. Never used any fish roe broken sac because the salt will penetrated too much into the roe and made it too salty and almost unedible once it cured. FRESHNESS is the KEY of DELICIOUSNESS of bottarga, fresh tuna roe used to be bouchy and not too watery or too dry with natural pleasant sea fragrance, never used if the smell too strong or even slight rotten fishy aromas. Choose the ripe fish roe is one where you can see the eggs in the sac they come in, and that they are uniform in color. The watery fish roe is normal, but will take longer time to cure. Unripe fish roe will not work, you must be able to see the eggs; if they are too small, do something else with the roe.

homemade bottarga tonno boutargue salted tuna roe botargo cured fish egg roe salt cured

Salted Fresh Tona Fish Roe

Now we making the homemade tuna fish roe Bottarga di Tonno. The tuna fish roe submerged in a 37 % salt saturated water solution overnight and then patted dry. The tuna fish sacs then individually coated with olive oil  and let it sit for about few hours until the oil absorbed to prevent it dry once cured. The fish roe then coated with salt and then marinated for about 2-3 days depending on the size of the fish roe sac, the bigger sac needed more time. You may see some liqued dripping from the fish roe sac and some of the salt dissolved, hence you need to massaged the outside by hand to eliminate air pockets and add extra salt and  to coated the cured fish roe.  The result is firmer fish roe and it’s need to be air dry cured and let the time changing the salted raw tuna fish roe into Bottarga di Tonno

homemade botarga salt cured fish roe tuna bottarga botargo tono

Firm Salted Tuna FIsh Roe

This is the salted and marinated fresh tuna fish egg roe for two days. The salted tuna fish roe sack then washed under running cold water, rubbed the sack a little bit to removed the excess salt and then patted dry with dry and clean pepper towel.  The salted tuna fish roe much more firmer than than the raw sack.

tuna botarga di tonno salt cured fish roe

Bottarga di Tonno, Already Dry Cured for 14 days

This is the Bottarga di Tonno or salted and cured tuna fish roe after air dry cured for about fourteen days in my refrigerator. Bottarga should be firm but not rock hard, the salt should not over power the flavor of the bottarga, there should just be a hint of salt in it’s flavour and it should be gentle on the palate. The bottarga should not be dry but moist an creamy in flavour.

tuna bottarga tonno caviar salted fish roe moist oily botargo crumble grated

Different Ripeness of Tuna Roe Made Different Texture of Bottarga di Tonno

botargo di tonno cut crumbly tuna roe salted cured fish egg homemade bottarga tuna karasumi

Nice Moist, Crumbly and Buttery Texture of Bottarga di Tonno

This is homemade Bottarga di Tonno or salted and air dried cured tuna fish roe finished product looked a like once i cut the sac it in half. There’s different color and texture of the bottarga, it’s depent on the ripeness of the roe inside of the sac before it’s salted an cured. The overly ripe tuna fish roe got bigger individual grainy egg and it’s crumbled easily once grated, just perfect for making pasta or fried rice. The sufficiently fully ripe fish turn into a very moist and creamy bottarga, just perfect to almost any bottarga recipe, but i prefer to served it raw without any heating or cooking process.

homemade tuna bottarga boutargue salted tuna bottargo di tonno tuna fish roe

Grated Bottarga di Tonno

bottarga tuna roe powder grated botargo salt cure tuna roe fish egg homemade bottargo

Ready to Use Bottarga di Tonno Powder, Seafood Gold!!!

The salted tuna fish roe or Bottargo di Tonno is now ready to use in any kind of dish you want it to be. Bottarga is briny with a creamy buttery sweetness, smooth  and slighly grainy in texture with a natural savoury sea flavour. If you love caviar, you probably loves bottarga and vice versa, but my friend who doesn’t love caviar lovin the bottarga once it cooked with pasta.

grated bottarga tonno tuna botarga grated recipe topping pasta homemade cure botargo

Freshly Grated Tuna Fish Roe Bottarga

Here’s Few Ideas of How to Eat and Enjoy Bottarga:

thin sliced bottarga homemade botargo salt fish roe appetier topping flat bread bruschetta salsa olive oil vinegar balsamic dressing chili

Tuna Bottarga Appetizer with Flat Bread

1. Sliced or Grated Raw Bottarga

bottarga thinly sliced recipe appetier botargo flat bread bruschetta topping pizza salsa raw botarga topping olive oil balsamic vinegar dressing onion chili mustard blossom

Thin Sliced Bottarga Flatbread with Kalamata Olives Puree, Sliced Red Shallots, Chili, Cherry Tomato, Fresh Micro Green Herbs (Mustard & Lemon Basil),  Edible Black Mustard Blossom, Olive oil & Balsamic Vinegar Reduction

Raw thiny sliced or grated bottarga is used to be served as as an appetizer. The richness of bottarga with it’s naturl briny ts is a great option for appetier because the bold naked savoury flavour  of bottarga is definitely tickle the taste buds. Bottarga also can be eaten with lemon juice on a piece of baquette, pizza, flatbread or any kind of bread which used as you serving anchovy. This is thinnly sliced Tuna Fish Bottarga di Tonno served as topping for Homemade Flat Bread or Tortilla with sliced raw shallots, chopped tomato, black olives puree, chopped chillies, micro greens and edible black mustard blossom. The flat bread tuna fish Bottarga di Tonno also drizzled with olive oil and balsamic vinegar.

pasta bottarga di tonno aglio olio spaghetti botargo tuna egg roe

Bottarga Pasta (Aglio Olio Style Angel hair Pasta with Confit Crayfish)

2. Bottarga with Pasta

Bottarga with pasta is the most common way to prepare the cured fish roe. The dried salted fish roe grated or finely chopped then sauteed with butter and other ingredients like garlic, chili and shallots until slighly bubbly and cooked. The best quality bottarga made of ripe fish roe will be crumbly well coated evely the pasta that lated added into it. The picture above is Bottarga Angel Hair Pasta aglio olio and served it with crayfish confit.

fried rice bottarga sit fry spicy rice salted fish egg roe cured karasumi rice don

Bottarga Fried Rice

3. Bottarga with Rice

Bottarga with rice, now my Indonesian taste buds will be satisfied. The Nasi Goreng (fried rice) telur ikan asin or translated as salted  fish roe fried rice is the best way to present the savoury sea flavour of it. The sauteed grated bottarga stir fried with the spicy spice paste and rice and other ingredients until the individual grain of rice is charred and coated well with the cured fish egg. Extra grated bottarga made it delicious even more. In Malaysia especialy in Serawak, the freshwater toli shad fish bottarga or telur ikan terubuk masin used to be steamed with rice and eaten as a morning booster.

recipe bottarga fried rice botargo rice salted botarga di tonno tuna roe egg fish

Spicy Fried Rice Bottarga

Raw bottarga is got a pleasant sea briny flavour and the delicate sea aromas even stronger once it cooked. This afternoon i made dinner of  Nasi Goreng or fried rice with grated bottarga and my grandma comes curiously to the kitchen by the aromas once i tossed the grated tuna bottarga with butter. The fried rice above is actually bold and very simple, but the spicy chili spice paste and the savoury grated Bottarga di Tonno made it very hearty and delicious, then i said myself this salt cured fish roe is worth all the time the efforts.

homemade botargo di tonno bottarga  bottarga butàriga botarga poutargue  boutargue  butarga  batarekh butarkhah avgotaraho toro karasumi

Recipe Bottarga di Tonno (Salt Cured Tuna Fish Roe)

Recipe Bottarga di Tonno (Salt Cured Tuna Fish Roe)

Ingredients:

  • whole fish roe or egg sacks (small eggs are best)
  • salt
  • 37% salt solution brine (10 grams salt per 1 litre of water)
  • olive oil

How to Make Bottarga di Tonno (Salt Cured Tuna Fish Roe)

  1. Soak the tuna fish roe overnight in 37%  saltwater solution .
  2. Remove from the solution and pat dry the tuna fish roe on paper towels.
  3. Coat the tuna fish roe with olive oil for about 2-3 hours
  4. Lay out fresh paper towel on a tray and liberally sprinkle with salt, place the roe on top and cover with more salt.
  5. Place this in the fridge and massage it to remove hte air pocket, replace the paper towels daily.
  6. After 2 or 2 days the tuna roes will have firmed up.
  7. Washed the tuna roe fish sac under running tab water to removed the excess salt, pat dry
  8. Hang or pleace the salted tuna roe in a rack  and place it in a cool dry place (refrigerator) for 10–14 days (or longer, if desired).
  9. Remove the roe from its hanging place, wrap and refrigerate.
  10. Bottarga is best served freshly sliced or grated onto pasta.

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Homemade Peking Duck Recipe with Crispy Crackling Skin, Served with Homemade Soft Chinese Pancake

homemade roasted peking duck recipe chinese pancake from scratch homemade rost duck bebek peking panggang dentist chef

Homemade Roasted Peking Duck with Crispy and Crackling Skin

Peking duck is the most popular duck dish in chinese cuisine around the world. Roasted Peking Duck is prized for its thin, crispy and crackling skin. Authentic versions of peking duck used to be dish served or carved the skin and little meat, skillfully sliced by the cook in front of the diners. The rest of the meat is eaten with scallion, cucumber and hoisin sauce with homemade chinese pancakes rolled around the fillings.

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Homemade Version Roasted Peking Duck

Homemade Roasted Peking Duck Recipe is quite an effort with hectic and prescise step by step preparation. All the effort worthed when you’ve making your homemade peking duck that mostly away cheaper than chinese restaurant along the fact that you’ve could adjust the test of your homemade peking duck. Once you’ve try making peking duck  very on kitchen,  it’s actually not really that hard, i even adjust the bycycle pump that used to plump the duck skin with ball pump as long as you can lifted up and seperate the skin from the meat. I’ve try  this method for making Crispy Roasted Chicken with Herbs Butter Recipe, ant it’s turn out successfully.

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Crispy and Crackling Homemade Roasted Peking Duck

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Peking Duck with Moist, Aromatic and Tender Meat

How to pump air under the duck skin is quite tricky, you can’t skip this step if you wanted your peking duck crispy. Air is pumped to separate the skin from the fat and let the fat under the skin renderred and being “fried” out the skin until crisp. The trick is you put your pump tips under the duck skin without pierching it’s meat through the neck cavity, seal the airway to make sure all the air from the pump entering the soft tissue underneath the duck skin. Once the duck skin is raised up, you may push or slightly palpate the duck skin to distribute the air underneath the duck skin. After one side, flip out the duck and doing the same treatment with another side.

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Pump The Peking Duck with Balloon Pump from The Neck Skin

I like my roasted peking duck meat is tasty, quite spicy with  nice aromatic, moist and fork tender. Sometimes the chef in the chinese restaurant is too focus on the crispy skin highlight and let the meat overcooked and dry. Honestly, i think it’s a kinda unnecessary waste . That’s why one of my friend who is a junior executive chef in famous chinese restaurant in Palembang told me that i need to spiced up the duck cavity and then seal it good. He recommended to rub salt throught out the skin and cavity and then dust the cavity with a generous amount of bumbu ngohiang or chinese five spice powder, sliced ginger, chopped scallion and few cloves of crushed garlic. Once you’ve stuffed the duck cavity, seal it with bamboo skewer or you can sew it with butcher twines. The cavity stuffing gives a nice aromatic flavour and keep the moisture in the cavity, then the peking duck would be flavoursome, moist and tender. Never forget to discard the oil gland (Uropygial Gland) from the duck tail since it’s had stink aromas, but you should keep the pope’s nose since it’s quite meaty there.

crispy peking duck recipe step by step instruction making peking duck tide the belly

After the duck skin being pumped or blown out and the cavity is well sealed, now it’s the glazing step.  The duck is glazed with soy sauce, maltose and chinese red yeast rice or angkak as natural coloring agent mixture.  You can purchase the red rice in almost chinese groceries store nearby your place, if you can’t find any, instead you can simply use food coloring  and adjust the consistency of the glazing mixture with cornstarch.  While the duck is hung, the duck is glazed with the boiling glazing mixture until the duck skin is thighten, and the duck skin changing it’s color into nice reddish brown.

recipe peking duck glaze maltose soy sauce rosted crispy duck bebek peking

The Peking Duck is Glazed Until The Duck’s Skin is Thighten and The Skin Color is Nice Reddish Brown

Drying out the duck skin is the next crucial step. You can expose the glazed peking duck with blowing fan for a couple of minutes then let the duck stand for 24 hours until the skin is totally dry in a dry cold place. This steps is sounds easy to do if you live in a cold climates, but if you live in tropical climates like me; letting the duck standing in room temperature for 24 hours may iniciate the bad bacteria and fungus spores to ruined out your duck. That’s why i suggest to hung dry your duck in your fridge. Instead, you can laid it down in a shallow and hollow metal rack to allow the air circulated all over the duck skin, but i more like to hung out my duck in my fridge door, just like what i did to dry cure my Homemade Bresaola Recipe and Homemade Duck Prosciutto.

hung duck dry skin glazed maltose soy sauce recipe peking duck resep bebek peking dentist chef

The glazed peking duck is hung to dry in a fridge door!

dry skin peking duck recipe hung in fridge cara membuat bebek peking

The peking duck skin is totally dry and it’s ready to be roasted!

Peking Duck is traditionally roasted in either a closed oven or hung oven, but eversince my oven is to small for that, i used my shallow and hollow baking rack with a tray underneath.  Preheat the oven to 170ºC/325ºF. Place the duck in a roasting tray and put it in the oven for about 2 minutes. You should discard the excess water and oil dripping from the duck every 10 minutesor your duck is steamed instead of roasted. This will make the skin go wonderfully crispy. Generally, after a 40 minutes it will be perfect,the leg meat will pull off the bone and the skin will be wonderfully crisp. You don’t always need to, but I sometimes turn the heat up to 200ºC/400ºF/for 5 or more minutes until it’s really crispy and cracking.

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Shining Roasted Peking Duck, The Oli Gland is Totally Removed from the Duck’s Tail

Serving  your homemade roasted peking duck is quite optional; you can eat it either with steaming hot rice, steamed buns or mandarin pancake.To made youer live easier, you can buying a couple of packs of pre-made chienese pancakes which you can place in a steamer or microwave and slowly steam until nice and hot. But eversince i’m too lazy to work out my butt to the supermarket, i like to made the chinese pancake from scratch. The basic recipe is quite simple, just like my Homemade Tortilla Recipe, but you just recplace the water with boiling water.

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Roasted Peking Duck, Chinese or Mandarin Pancake with Condiments and Vegetables

Once the duck has cooled a little bit, use two forks to cut out the meat off the carcass and place it in a plate. You can served it with plenty of greens and condiment sauce. i prefer using sweet bean paste sauce a.k.a hoisin sauce and spicy chilli sauce. I also add plenty of veggies within the roasted peking duck and pancake roll; thinly sliced scallion and cucumber, thinly shaved carrot, baby romain lettuce hearth and some pea sprout.

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Nic Stuffing for Chinese Peking Duck Pancake Roll

 I would love to tell you the way how i roll out my chinese pancake with my thinly sliced roasted peking duck. Starting by spreading the hoisin sauce and some spicy chilli sauce in the middle of the pancake and followed by placing the vegetables and the sliced roasted peking duck. After that i fold the base of the pancake and then fold out with slightly rolleing movement the pancake horizontally and let the other side of the pancake exposing the goodness inside.

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Step by step instruction how to wrap the roasted peking duck with chinese pancake

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Enjoy Your Roasted Peking Duck Wrapped in Chinese Pancake!

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Another Shoots of Roasted Peking Duck Wrapped in Chinese Pancakes!

 Homemade Peking Duck Recipe with Step by Step Instructions:

Ingredients:

  • One 2- 2.5 kg Peking Duck
  • Salt for rubbing

Peking Duck Stuffing Recipe:

  • few slice ginger
  • 1 bunch of roughly chopped scallions

Peking Duck Glazing Recipe:

  • 4 cups Water
  • 1 tablespoon Salt
  • 1 cup Chinese Cooking Wine/dry sherry
  • 1/2 cups Rice Vinegar
  • 1/4 cups Red Yeast Rice powder or Angkak (replace with 1 tbsp red food coloring plus dissolved 2 tablespoons cornstarch)
  • 1/2 cup Maltose or Honey
  • 2 tbsp Chinese Five Spice Powder
  • Few slices of Ginger
  • 1 roghly chopped Scallion

How To Make Homemade Roasted Crispy Peking Duck:

1. Making The Peking Duck Glaze:

  •  Place the water into a large wok pan, add the chinese five spice powder, ginger and scallion, bring it  to boil and let it boil gently for about 10 minutes
  • Strain the mixture through a fine sieve and discard the solid ingredients, put the liquid back into the large wok
  • Dissolved the rest of the peking duck glazing ingredients and keep stirring and bring it to boil, turn off the heat and set aside

2. Preparing the Peking Duck

  • Clean duck inside out and wipe dry
  • Discard the oil gland from the tail and cut the wing’s tips and the duck feet
  • Rub  the duck all over  with salt
  • Pump the skin to seperate it from the meat with bicycle or balloon pump from the neck skin
  • Put the stuffing ingredients inside the ducks cavity and seal it good with  bamboo skewer
  • Bring the glazing ingredients to boil
  • Hung the duck and then pour the glazing mixture all over the duck skin until it thighten out and the skin color is rurn into nice reddish brown
  • Expose the glazed peking duck with blowing fan for about 30 minutes and let it stand for another 24 hours in a cold and dry place (i placed the duck in my fridge)
  • When the duck duck is really dry, preheat oven to 170ºC, put the duck in a shallow and hollow baking rack and make sure the roasted duck dripping can’t touch the skin
  • Let the peking duck roasted for about 10 minutes and discard or spoon out the dripping from the tray and continue to roast another 30 minutes (discard the dripping every 10 minutes)
  • Increase the heat to 200ºC/400ºF and let it roasted for another 5 minutes until the skin is very-very crispy
  • When your homemade peking duck is done, carved it and served it with the homemade pancake and other condiments

Homemade Chinese Pancake Recipe for Roasted Peking Duck:

Ingredients

  • 450 grams plain flour
  • 310 ml boiling water
  • 1 teaspoon vegetable oil
  • 1/4 cup sesame oilplus 1 tbsp cornstarch